MULTIMEDIA ART MUSEUM, MOSCOW
MUSEUM "MOSCOW HOUSE OF PHOTOGRAPHY"
Ru

Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century

Greeting card.
France. Сa. 1905-1910.
Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography Publishers N.P.G. (Neue Photographische Gesellschaft) and G.Liersch, Germany, postmarked 1905-1908.
Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography Publisher N.P.G. (Neue Photographische Gesellschaft), Germany, postmarked 1904.
Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography Photographer Leopold Reutlinger. Chavita and other stage stars.
Publishers S.I.P. (Société Industrielle des Photographes), France; N.P.G. (Neue Photographische Gesellschaft), Germany. Ca. 1905 
Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography The juggler.
Publisher Boots, England, postmarked 1910.
Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography Publishers Rotophot, E. A. Schwerdtfeger and K.B., Germany, ca. 1910.
Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography Puppets.
Publisher S.I.P. (Société Industrielle des Photographes), France.
Postmarked 1905.
Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography April Fool’s Day.
Unknown French publisher, ca. 1903-1910.
Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

Greeting card. France. Сa. 1905-1910. Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

Publishers N.P.G. (Neue Photographische Gesellschaft) and G.Liersch, Germany, postmarked 1905-1908. Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

Publisher N.P.G. (Neue Photographische Gesellschaft), Germany, postmarked 1904. Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

Photographer Leopold Reutlinger. Chavita and other stage stars. Publishers S.I.P. (Société Industrielle des Photographes), France; N.P.G. (Neue Photographische Gesellschaft), Germany. Ca. 1905 Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

The juggler. Publisher Boots, England, postmarked 1910. Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

Publishers Rotophot, E. A. Schwerdtfeger and K.B., Germany, ca. 1910. Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

Puppets. Publisher S.I.P. (Société Industrielle des Photographes), France. Postmarked 1905. Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

April Fool’s Day. Unknown French publisher, ca. 1903-1910. Surreal Illusionism. Photographic Fantasies of the Early 20th Century / The Finnish Museum of Photography

Moscow, 26.02.2015—19.04.2015

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Curator: Dr. Harri Kalha

Curator: Dr. Harri Kalha

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The late 1890s saw the emergence of a number of factories in Europe that produced postcards with real photographs, by using mechanised exposure and development processes. Unlike today, the photographs were not printed on the cards. The production of photographic postcards, also known as «real photo postcards», became a sizable industry, and the end products were distributed as far away as South America and Australia. The phenomenon only lasted for two decades, but resulted in millions of photographs.

The golden age of photographic postcards drew on early 20th-century urban popular culture. The rise of the cinema, the modern culture of sun-bathing, eroticism, circus and variety shows inspired the imagery of the cards. Technical innovations, such as the aeroplane, stimulated the imagination. In the 1920s and 1930s, a group of avant-garde artists and poets began to draw inspiration from dreams, fantasy and the depths of the unconscious. An art movement known as surrealism emerged. The photographic postcards presented at the exhibition were «surrealist» before the word was even invented!

From today’s perspective, photographic postcards are fascinating particularly because of the photomontage techniques used. The combination of images and drawings, and multiple exposure were some of the techniques used in industrial photography a hundred years before «photoshopping». Because industrial colour photography was yet to be invented, the cards were coloured by hand. It is the craft that makes the images unique.

The exhibition is organised in five thematic sections: Forward, Fotomontage, Fascination, Fancy and Fun. The curator of the exhibition is art researcher, docent Harri Kalha.

Project presented by

Finnish Museum of Photography

With the support of

Embassy of Finland

With the support of

MasterCard


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ELLE

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Official guide of the "Fashion and Style in Photography 2015"

Арт-Гид 13.03.12