Неизвестный автор. Духовщинский полк. Полковой театр. 29 июня 1916. Музей «Московский дом фотографии»
Unknown photographer. Archduke Franz Ferdinand with his wife in the car driving along the Appel Quay shortly before the assassination. 28 June 1914. Museum of Military History, Vienna
Unknown photographer. Infantry of the 1st Brigade Polish Legions enters Kowel. 1915. Polish Army Museum, Warsaw
Unknown photographer. Gas attack. Soldiers emerging from the smoke. 1915-1918. © Photothèque CICR (DR)/
Unknown photographer. British and Russian officers of the RNAS Armoured Car Squadron in Galicia prior to the Russian offensivе. July 1917. Imperial War Museum, London
Unknown photographer. A woman war worker carefully paints the roundel on the wing of an SE5A aircraft at the Austin Motor Company factory in Birmingham. September 1918. Imperial War Museum, London
Unknown photographer. Missile production shop. 155mm shell. Boulogne Billancourt, France, 1916. Interne Renault, Presse. © Photographer unknown / All rights reserved
Jacques Moreau. Serviceman on leave dines in the Gare de l’Est military canteen. Paris, January 1917. ECPAD (Etablissement de communication et de production audiovisuel de la Défense), France
Unknown photographer. Englishmen in Belgium. 1918. Private collection, France
Неизвестный автор. Сенегалец. 1916. Частная коллекция, Франция
Unknown photographer. FT 17 Renault tank. Column of tanks. France, 1917 Interne Renault, Presse. © Photographer unknown / All rights reserved
Unknown artist. Action of the Swedish Red Cross for the war prisoners detained in Russia and in Siberia.Hallsberg railway station, exchange of German and Austrian disabled ex-servicemen. Sweden, 1915-1918. © Photothèque CICR (DR)/
Unknown photographer. International Prisoners of War Agency. Missing persons department. 1914-1918. Geneva, Rath Museum. © Photothèque CICR (DR)/
Неизвестный автор. Сен-Феликс, немецкие пленные в лагере, Эна. 24 октября 1917. Частная коллекция, Франция
Unknown photographer. Holzminden camp. Patrol route inside the camp. Night. Germany, 1914-1918 © Photothèque CICR (DR)/
Paul Castelnau. Russian soldiers outside a grocery shop, Place des Marchés, Reims, France, 11 March 1917. Albert Kahn Museum, Archives of the Planet Collection
Pierre-Paul Castelnau. Entrance to the citadel. Verdun, Meuse. 27 October 1917. ECPAD (Etablissement de communication et de production audiovisuel de la Défense), France
Probably Jean-Baptiste Tournassoud. Interior of a ruined church. 1917. ECPAD (Etablissement de communication et de production audiovisuel de la Défense), France
Unknown photographer. Narva, burial ground. Russia, July 1921. © Photothèque CICR (DR)/
Multimedia Art Museum
Samara Regional Art Museum
Erarta, The Museum and Galleries of Contemporary Art
To mark the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of the First World War, the Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow, has joined forces with major international museums, state archives and private collectors in Russia, France and Italy to present the multimedia project ‘The War That Ended Peace’, reconstructing the events of 1914 to 1918 and showing the war through the eyes of participants in the conflict, focusing particularly on everything connected to the part Russia played in this terrible global tragedy.
The exhibition takes its name from the book ‘The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914’ by eminent historian and Oxford University professor Margaret MacMillan, great-granddaughter of David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister from 1916 to 1922.
For Russia the First World War began on 1 August 1914. Controversy continues to this day as to whether it was possible to avoid this war that became the first worldwide catastrophe; a war involving 38 different countries with a total population of more than 1.5 billion, in which more than 22 million people perished, of which over 11 million were losses to the civilian population; a war, where weapons of mass destruction were used for the first time; a war that divided history into ‘before’ and ‘after’ for all time...
The exhibition showcases unique photographs, stereo pairs and stereo projections, autochromes and colour photographs, newsreels and audio recordings, Russian and French wartime journals, leaflets and caricatures, as well as posters and lithographs by Kazimir Malevich, Aristarkh Lentulov and Vladimir Mayakovsky.
Co-organisers of the project include: ECPAD (Etablissement de Communication et de Production Audiovisuelle de la Défense), France; the Albert-Kahn Museum and Gardens, Boulogne-Billancourt, France; Foundation for Preservation of the Russian Heritage in the European Union, Brussels; Royal Museum of Army and Military History, Brussels; Russian State Archive of Cinema and Photo Documents, Moscow; International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva / Moscow; Museum of Nicéphore Niépce, Chalon-sur-Saone, France; Archive of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow; State Literature Museum, Moscow; Imperial War Museum, London; Polish Army Museum, Warsaw; Museum of Military History, Vienna; Archive of Renault, France; private collections in Russia, private collections from France, private collections from Italy.
The aim of the exhibition is to not only reconstruct events that occurred on all the First World War fronts, but also to show the suffering endured by civilian populations. The exhibition also allows us to see how, in the course of four years, attitudes to war altered among the direct participants in military action, the mass media and civilians.
The exhibition displays photographs taken by professional photographers (the profession of war photo-correspondent first appeared during the First World War), and also the testimony of amateur photographers, including the celebrated physician Sergei Ivanovich Vavilov, later President of the USSR Academy of Sciences, and Italian Princess Anna Maria Borghese, one of the first women photographers to work practically in the vanguard. Like most women of her circle, the princess worked for the Red Cross from the very start of the war, ministering to the wounded, and witnessed the terrible ordeals endured by volunteer and conscripted participants in military action.
The activities of the International Red Cross were inextricably linked to all participants in the military conflict. Austrian writer Stefan Zweig wrote that throughout the war the Red Cross was the heart and soul of Europe, confronting the inhuman horrors of war with human compassion, and Roman Rolland, who himself worked as a volunteer for the International Prisoners-of-War Agency, contributed half of his Nobel Prize award to the Red Cross.
‘Mankind has never before found itself in such a situation. Unable to attain a higher degree of virtue or a wiser leadership, for the first time people have in their hands weapons with which they can without fail destroy the human race. Such is the achievement of all their glorious history, all the glorious deeds of previous generations. People would do well to stop and think about this, their new responsibility.’ (Winston Churchill)
Multimedia Art museum, Moscow / «Moscow House of Photography» museum
ECPAD (Etablissement de communication et de production audiovisuel de la Défense), France
Albert-Kahn, musée et jardin départementaux, Boulogne-Billancourt, France
Foundation for Preservation of the Russian Heritage, Brussels
The Royal Museum of Army and Military History, Brussels
Russian state archive of cinema and photo documents, Moscow
International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneve / Moscow
Museum of Nicephore Niepce, Chalon-sur-Saone, France
Archive of Russian Academy of Sience, Moscow
State Literature Museum, Moscow
Imperial War Museum, London
The Polish Army Museum, Warsaw
Museum of Military History, Vienna
Archive of Renault, France
Private collections of Russia
Private collections of France
Private collections of Italy
Avec le soutien de l’Ambassade de France, de l’Institut Français de Russie et de la Commission du centenaire de la Première Guerre mondiale